Choliya dance is one of the Popular folk dance of Uttarakhand mainly famous in Kumaon region (Almora , Pithoragarh, Bageshwar , Champawat etc.). Most of people don’t know the History Behind Choliya dance so here we are trying to explain about this folk dance with photos. In this Folk dance Men use to wear very old fashioned dress which were worn by soldiers in 18th century. They use folk Instruments of Uttarakhand like Dhol, Damaou, Talwar, RahnSingha and Turahi. The dance is looks like a war and one of the team member sing songs. Once the song is started every body get attracted toward these. The Meaning of छोलिया some Time Chaliya is Cheat so the main purpose of this kind of dance is to show how to win by cheat. Earlier on the era of kings they use to this trick to win. So since then it became a custom of uttarakhand. Now people use to put some money among the dancers and they use to apply the trck of cheating to get that money. It become very interesting and entertaining to see this folk dance.
Role of Dhol and Damaou in Choliya Dance
Here is very interesting part of Chaliya/ Choliya Dance that is Dhol Damau. Actually the in earlier time Dhol damau was used for so many purpose like celebration, indication of good and bad news. In earlier time Drummer use to be a very experience person who use to guide at the time of war. So he use to drum in a manner so that soldiers can understand what to do next. It was used as a code word to control the soldiers. Dhol damau is also used at the time of good news , Marriage ceremony etc.
Some old people of Kumaon region say that a wedding is not complete without chaliya dance so they call to the chaliya team for performance even when the wedding is out of Uttarakhand. Still the craze of this custom is decreasing day by day so gov of Uttarakhand must have work on it to promote this folk dance.